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Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP)

Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) was formed as a separate party in 1980 after the fall of the   Janata Dal’s government (headed by Mr. Morarji Desai)  in 1979. BJP is the successor of the Bhartiya Jan Sangh (BJS),  which merged itself into the Janata Party for the General Election in 1977 (first general election after the emergency era)  in which Janata Party swept the General Elections and Congress suffered a heavy defeat and was out of power for the first time in the since independent Indian parliamentary system came into being in 1950.

Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first president of the BJP. Since its formation, BJP has shown a progression in popularity and now BJP is one of the major political force of India. BJP won just two seats in 1980 general elections and emerged as the single largest party for the first time in the 1996 General election. Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was sworn in as the prime minister. However, BJP led government could not prove the majority in the Lok Sabha and Mr. Vajapyee was obliged to resign. He was the PM of India for the shortest duration of 13 days.

BJP was able to form the Government in alliance (BJP lead alliance NDA) with other political parties during 1998 and 1999 General Elections. After the 1999 General Elections, BJP’s alliance (NDA) was able to provide a stable government for a full parliamentary term of 5 years. In 2004 general elections, BJP led alliance(NDA) could not win a clear majority and BJP’s independent tally of parliamentary seats were 138.

In 2009 General Elections, BJP and its allies (NDA members) could not perfrom well and BJP managed to get only 116 seats. A loss of 22 seats from 2004 tally of BJP.

In a major reshuffle of leadership, Mr. L. K. Advani on Friday(18th Dec. 2009) stepped down as the Leader of Opposition paving way for Mrs. Sushma Swaraj. Mr. Advani was chosen at a meeting of party MPs to the newly-created post of Chairman of the party's Parliamentary Party.

On 19th Dec. 2009 Mr. Nitin Gadkari took over as the president of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), succeeding Rajnath Singh.

President: Mr. Nitin Gadkari

Symbol:  Lotus

Alliance: National Democratic Alliance

 

 

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Alliances

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BJP Performance in General Elections 2009
State
Contested
Won
Karnataka 28 19
Madhya Pradesh 29 16
Gujarat 26 15
Bihar 15 12
Chhattisgarh 11 10
Uttar Pradesh 71 10
Maharashtra 25 9
Jharkhand 12 8
Rajasthan 25 4
Assam 7 4
Other States 186 9
INDIA(TOTAL) 433 116

 

BJP Performance in General Elections 2004
State
Contested
Won
*VOTE %
Madhya Pradesh 29 25 48.13
Rajasthan 25 21 49.01
Karnataka 24 18 34.17
Gujarat 26 14 47.37
Maharashtra 26 13 22.61
Chhattisgarh 11 10 47.78
Uttar Pradesh 77 10 22.17
Bihar 16 5 14.57
Arunachal Pradesh 2 2 53.85
Assam 12 2 22.94
Other States 116 18  
INDIA(TOTAL) 364 138 22.16**

*vote % state

** vote % India

BJP Ruled states
Chhattisgarh
Gujarat
Madhya Pradesh
Karnataka
Bihar**
Punjab**
Nagaland*
Meghalaya*
Goa*
Jharkhand**

*Heading coalition Govt.

**Partner of coalition Govt.

 

Party Headquarter

11, Ashoka Road, New Delhi–110001

URL : www.bjp.org

 

 

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